that this dehumanization, and the segregated institutions that result from it, ignored the potential productive contributions that all people can make to society. Intellectual disability may also used to describe the outcome of traumatic brain injury or lead poisoning or dementing conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. 11 Diagnosis According to the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV 12 three criteria must be met for a diagnosis of mental retardation: an IQ below 70, significant limitations in two or more areas of adaptive behavior (as measured. Cell biology research paper topics is the largest scientific organization in the world dedicated to research focused on the do research paper survey understanding, treatment, How to start a introduction paragraph on a research paper and research paper proofreading for hire online. Iodine deficiency, affecting approximately 2 billion people worldwide, is the leading preventable cause of mental disability in areas of the developing world where iodine deficiency is endemic. "FAQ on Intellectual Disability". "eMedicine Mental Retardation : Article by C Simon Sebastian, MD". J Pediatr 152 (2 2505.
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The mean score on the currently available IQ tests is 100, with a standard deviation of 15 (wais/wisc-IV) or 16 (Stanford-Binet). The noun retard is particularly seen as pejorative; as of 2010, the Special Olympics, Best Buddies and over 100 other organizations are striving to eliminate the use of the "r-word" (analogous to the " n-word in everyday conversation. 5 Cause Further information: X-linked mental retardation Among children, the cause is unknown for one-third to one-half of cases. It is not specific to congenital disorders such as Down syndrome. For example autisic children eileen gray essay with developmental delay may utilize anti-psychotics or mood stabilizers to help with behavior.